Naggo Head Primary warmed up for the Institute of Sports (INSPORTS) Primary Schools Athletics championships by winning the Jamaica Teachers Association (JTA) Portmore Schools District Association Sports Athletic Meet at Waterford High School recently.Naggo Head totalled 340 points, while Portsmouth, 222 points, and Gregory Park, 154 points, rounded off the top three schools.The primary schools in Portmore normally meet this time of the year to participate in the JTA Portmore District Association track meet. The coaches select the best athletes to represent the school. The best students are then selected at this meet to represent the Portmore district association, after which they go to the St Catherine Parish finals.The best athletes then advance to the Sagicor JTA meet to represent their parish. Acting Mayor of Portmore Leon Thomas sponsored the trophy for the winning school.Edgewater FC make winning startDefending champions Edgewater FC made a winning start in their opening game of the 2016 season of the St Catherine FA Under-13 Football League at Lime Tree Oval last Saturday. Ontwain Mitchell, Christopher Robinson and Kamani Maxwell scored Edgewater’s goals.In other games, Portmore United whipped Daytona 6-0, Angels United clipped Rivoli United 2-1, East Portmore Portals downed Westchester 1-0 and Central Lynx drew 3-3 with Windsor Lion. The competition continues today.Cumberland Sports Day take spotlightClaim To Fame Promotions will be driving home a heath and wellness lifestyle in their community with the inaugural staging of the Cumberland Sports Day on Labour Day,May 23, at the Sector C football field.Activities include a six-a-side competition, with the winner to get $15000 in prize money and a trophy; celebrity football game, ladies football, netball and running events. Music will be provided by C4 International and Six Killer.Main organiser, Bling Claim To Fame, promised that it will be a fun-filled day for the whole family and refreshments will also be there.”This is a must-attend event, initiatives like these buildcommunities,” he said.PCA Portmore Primary cricket launchedThe Portmore Cricket Association (PCA)-sponsored Portmore Primary Cricket League was launched at Ken’s Wildflower on Wednesday.The competition is tentatively set to bowl off on Thursday, May 5, at the Portsmouth Primary School cricket ground. Ten schools have shown interest to join the competition, including defending champions Ascot Primary.Ascot’s coach, Errol Mathias, believes that his team stands “a great chance” to repeat as champions.He see all the teams in this year’s competition as a threat, however, he listed Independence City Primary, last year’s beaten finalist, as his greatest challengers.Noting the importance of this competition were president of the PCA, Courtney Francis, Hugh Hinds, the PCA’s coordinator of the League and businessman Lester ‘Father Ken’ Crooks, who is a long-standing contributor to cricket in Portmore.PGA on top in Church CricketPortmore Gospel Assembly (PGA) lead the standings on net run rate at the end of the preliminary round of the Power of Faith Ministries (PFM) Church Twenty20 Cricket League following last Saturday’s round of matches at the Bridgeport sports ground in Portmore, St Catherine.Despite going down in their first game of the season, PGA bounced back and won two games on the trot to be on 10 points.; Faith Temple New Testament are also on (10), while PFM International (PFM Int’l) are on five points, so too Power of Faith Development (PFM Dev.).PGA beat defending champions PFM Int’l by nine wickets. Scores: PFM Int’l 124-5 from 15 overs Glenn Wellington 55, Junior Stewart 22; Ralston Nelson 2-18 from three overs. PGA 126-1 Damion Bryce 65 not out, Ralston Nelson 46; Roderick Williams 1-12.In the second game, Faith Temple New Testament defeated PFM Dev. by six wickets. Scores: PFM Dev. 109 Aaron Graham 41. Simon Clarke 3-16 from four overs and Joseph Ellington 3-16 from three overs. In reply, Faith Temple got home with two deliveries to spare at 113-4, with top scorer Michael Ellington scoring 51 not out and Anthony Richards 42 not out. Jerome Herion took 2-12 from four overs.This morning third-placed PFM Int’l will take on brother team, fourth-place PFM Dev., in a knockout contest. The winner takes on the second place team, Faith Temple. Game time is 10:30 a.m.Clarendon’s Jamalco lead South Central questThe JB Rum/South Central Confederation Super League football competition continues today at Brooks Park in Mandeville with leaders Jamalco FC of Clarendon facing the host from Manchester, Ricam Academy.The competition which is played between the four major winners of the respectiveparishes, as well as the runners-up, kicked off last week at Brooks Park. The eight teams are zoned in two groups.Jamalco lead Zone One on four points, having played two games. Dunbeholden of St Catherine, Ricam Academy and Tru-Juice all have three points.Jamalco opened the competition with a 2-1 win over Tru-Juice of St Catherine, before being featured on Wednesday in a 3-3 draw against Black Stars at their Wembley Centre of Excellence home field. In that game, the teams were locked2-2 at half-time. Black Stars’ Zavier Henry pushed them ahead in the 71st minute, but Demar Stone was able to eke out a goal in the 75th minute to tie the game 3-3.Henry actually netted a hat-trick, scoring in the ninth, 40th and 71st minutes. Andrew Isaacs, with a brace in the sixth and 34th minutes and Demar Stone in the 75th minute scored or Jamalco.Also from the midweek schedule, Tru-Juice FC dominated Ricam Academy at home, winning 4-0, while in Zone Two, Downs FC of Manchester played to a 2-2 draw at home against New Bowens FC of Clarendon.St Elizabeth champions St Bess FC hosted Dunbeholden FC at the Lacovia Community Centre and lost 0-1. Lorenzo Dubidad scored the lone goal of the match in the 12th minute for Dunbeholden.Porus lead Pat Anderson Under-17 LeaguePorus are the star performers in the current Moorland Development/Pat Anderson Manchester Football Association Under-17 football competition.In five games so far, they have notched a perfect record, scoring 22 goals while conceding just one. They are the Zone Three leaders and are the first qualifiers to the knockout phase.Hillstars head Zone One with 11 points, compiled from three wins and two draws. The completion of matches is much slower in Zone Two, which is led by Downs with seven points from three games.In notable results from this week, Christiana Academy prevailed 3-0 over Technical Strikers, Alligator Pond and Downs drew 0-0, while Comfort edged Studds 1-0.
LIVERPOOL, England (AP):Two horses died after being pulled up in a sombre start to the Aintree Festival yesterday.Clonbanan Lad and Maras-onnien died after being pulled up by their jockeys in the Fox Hunters’ Chase, and later collapsing, the British Horseracing Authority (BHA) said. Professor Chris Proudman, veterinary adviser at Aintree, said “neither (of the) incidents was associated with a fall.””You can never remove all risk completely from any sport, including horse racing,” Proudman said in a statement released by the BHA, “but from 90,000 runners each year, British Racing has a fatality rate of less than 0.2 per cent, which research found is far lower than horses simply exercising in a field.”Equine safety is brought into sharp focus at Aintree because of the feared fences used in the Grand National Steeplechase, the world’s most gruelling horse race. Twenty-one horses died over those fences from 2001-14.The deaths overshadowed a strong start to the festival by Willie Mullins, who is bidding to dislodge Paul Nicholls as Britain’s champion horse trainer and had two winners.The Grand National will be run Saturday.
Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Kevin Durant hit a key 3-pointer with 5:53 to play and finished with 30 points and 15 rebounds, while Klay Thompson scored 19 points with four 3s. Draymond Green had twoCurry has 28 3-pointers in his past three games while the Warriors made 18 or more from deep in a franchise-record fourth straight game. The 24 made 3s matched a franchise best.“The shots that Steph made were not wide-open shots,” Pelicans coach Alvin Gentry said. “They’re challenged shots, and he made them.”The two-time MVP scored 23 of his points in the third quarter, hitting four 3s over the final 2:37, as the two-time defending champions rallied, taking a 110-109 lead into the fourth after Andre Iguodala’s driving finger roll and ensuing free throw.“It’s once-in-a-generation, once-in-a-lifetime talent,” said Durant, who could only shake his head in joy.ADVERTISEMENT In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Is Gentry curious how Cousins might fit in on a star-studded roster?“Nope, not really,” he said. “He’s a great player. He’s the best player at his position in the league.”TIP-INSPelicans: Mirotic played 29 minutes after he had been limited to 17 on Monday, five days after he returned from a right ankle injury. … New Orleans has just two road wins vs. the Western Conference — Monday at the Clippers and in its season opener Oct. 17 at Houston.Warriors: Golden State is 4-0 when making 20 or more 3s. … Alfonzo McKinnie and Kevon Looney had back-to-back blocks on consecutive New Orleans shots on one possession midway through the fourth. … G Shaun Livingston had a driving baseline one-handed slam over Holiday late in the first half and scored 11 points in an 8-minute stretch. … The Warriors are 6-1 in the second game of a back-to-back this season.UP NEXTPelicans: At Portland on Friday night. New Orleans swept the Trail Blazers in the first round of last season’s playoffs.Warriors: At Clippers on Friday night. Golden State found its rhythm in the second half playing the second night of a back-to-back. The Warriors won 142-111 at Denver on Tuesday night and this was their lone day at home during a grueling 17-day stretch, with seven of eight games away from the Bay Area. Golden State won’t play at Oracle Arena again until Jan. 31.“I’m more like the director at the YMCA than I am coach. ‘You guys are shirts and you guys are skins, now go play,’” Kerr said.On Friday at the Clippers, All-Star center DeMarcus Cousins is scheduled to start and make his Warriors debut for his first game in nearly a year since tearing his left Achilles tendon and undergoing surgery.The Warriors were hardly as sharp initially as they were a night earlier, but it would have been tough to match that 51-point opening period at Denver.They hit 10 of their 21 in the first quarter alone Tuesday. This time, Golden State had to chip away at a 17-point first-half deficit.After also losing on Golden State’s home floor 131-121 on Oct. 31, the Pelicans have lost 10 of the last 11 and 21 of 23 to the Warriors. New Orleans also lost a 4-1 Western Conference semifinals to Golden State.“We wouldn’t have won this game a month ago. We’re at a different place now, I can feel it as a coach,” Kerr said. “We’re more connected now.”COUSINS CONNECTIONGentry, Kerr’s top assistant during the 2015 championship season, offered some helpful insight on Cousins before the Warriors signed him to a one-year contract last summer.“We had a couple good conversations and it was very helpful in terms of my approach when we did sign DeMarcus,” Kerr said. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES Golden State Warriors’ Stephen Curry shoots against New Orleans Pelicans’ Jrue Holiday during the second half of an NBA basketball game Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, in Oakland, Calif. (AP Photo/Ben Margot)OAKLAND, Calif. — Stephen Curry stepped back time and again and released the ball from way back. Most of the time with at least one defender in his face, too.“It’s insane what he does,” coach Steve Kerr said.ADVERTISEMENT Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Philippine Army to acquire MANPADS, self-propelled howitzers Tom Brady most dominant player in AFC championship history Kyrie Irving calls LeBron James to apologize, ask for advice on leadership Japeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for Ginebra Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Curry scored 41 points with nine 3-pointers to become the first player in NBA history to make eight or more 3s in three straight games, and the Golden State Warriors held off the New Orleans Pelicans 147-140 on Wednesday night for their sixth straight win.“When you get hot like that, you really don’t see anything but the rim,” Curry said. “You just try to stay on balance and get to your spot, wherever that is. Again, these are shots I work on, I have confidence in them, I know my teammates do.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissPelicans star Anthony Davis went down hard beneath the Warriors basket with 2:22 left but was able to walk off after a few minutes and quickly returned. Davis had 30 points, 18 rebounds, seven assists and three blocks in nearly 41 minutes for New Orleans, coming off a 46-point and 16-rebound gem Monday night despite starting 0 for 5 with just four points in the first quarter. Nikola Mirotic scored 29 points, Jrue Holiday added 25 points and seven assists while Elfrid Payton dished out 12 assists.The Pelicans and Warriors combined for an NBA-record 43 3s, breaking the mark by two that Sacramento and Golden State accomplished Jan. 5 at Golden 1 Center. Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil MOST READ View comments
A farmer, who hails from Kuru Kuru, Linden-Soesdyke Highway, was on Friday remanded to prison in connection with the cultivation of a quantity of marijuana at Millie’s Hideout, Upper Demerara.Gabron Williams, 22, also called “Short Man”, made his first appearance before Magistrate Wanda Fortune at the Linden Magistrate’s Court on Friday, charged with cultivating a prohibited plant, cannabis sativa. He was remanded to prison and the case was scheduled to continue on February 8, 2019.Williams was arrested by Police on Wednesday after he was reportedly discovered on a marijuana farm at 7 Miles, Millie’s Hideout during a drug eradication exercise by ranks attached to E Division (Linden-Kwakwani). At the time of the discovery, he was allegedly tending the marijuana plants. After being caught, the defendant reportedly led ranks to several other marijuana farms at the location.Reports are on Wednesday last, Police discovered and destroyed several marijuana camps at 7 Miles. The Police destroyed eight fields totalling 13 acres, which contained some 15,000 marijuana plants ranging from two to seven-and-a-half feet.A nursery containing about 3000 seedlings and 1500 kilograms of dried cannabis, which was already processed, was also discovered. A total of five camps were discovered at the location. Additionally, Police found five live 12-gauge cartridges, three 12-gauge empty casings and a 1.45 spent shell.
Donegal County Councillor Ciaran Brogan has met with leading Gardai to again express the concerns of local people about continuing crime across the county.Ciaran BroganCllr Brogan impressed upon the Garda representative the need to continue to hold and increase Garda manpower in Donegal.But he said that we must all play our part to ensure that such events as the robbery of a shop in Letterkenny and a knife attack on a business owner do not happen again. This is his report.“As part of an ongoing series of such meetings, I met this week with the Garda Superintendent, Michael Finnan, to again highlight the concerns of local communities and businesses in relation to the levels of crime and the fear that it is generating.“We have had a number of incidents in the Letterkenny area in recent days, including one where a knife was held to the face of an employee of a local takeaway, a terrifying ordeal for the individual involved. Each of these incidents only serves to show what we are dealing with and why it is vital that Garda resources are increased.“I strongly believe that we need a coordinated approach involving the Garda, public representatives, and local communities in the fight against crime. The strongest of messages must be sent out to the criminals that we won’t be found wanting when it comes to fighting back against their illegal activities. “To aid that fight we need adequate Garda resources and that’s a point I strongly reinforced to the Superintendent yesterday.“I am also calling on the Minister for Justice, Frances Fitzgerald, to recognise that Donegal is a border county and therefore requires all the resources it can get.“In addition, I mentioned the Garda Station in Ramelton, the largest town in the local Electoral Area outside Letterkenny. The closure of rural Garda Stations has, quite obviously, played into the hands of the criminal elements. As far as Ramelton is concerned, I am urging that the station there be fully manned – a permanent Garda presence so we can bring the fight to those responsible for crime. I would call on local Minister, Joe McHugh, to use his influence with Minister Fitzgerald, to ensure this becomes a reality and to push the Government into making sure we have the adequate Garda resources in place.“The presence of two Community Gardai in Letterkenny is to be welcomed as is the setting up of Neighbourhood Watch Schemes. There are a huge number of Residents Associations in the Letterkenny area and I would ask them to be more pro-active in establishing Neighbourhood Watch Schemes in their areas. Again that will send out a strong message to the criminals that communities aren’t going to sit back and accept the current levels of crime.“One of the big issues is that of drugs and while the Gardai may believe they have been to the forefront in cutting down the supplies of the likes of cocaine and heroin, I am convinced this is still a growing problem and one that needs to be tackled head on. Without the proper number of Garda reinforcements, it’s a fight we, as a community, cannot possibly win and that goes for all criminal activity including the problem of counterfeit cigarettes which has been in the headlines again recently. “Let us, as public representatives and members of the community, work together with the Garda Siochana in reducing crime levels but the Government must do its part and take the blinkers off and face up to the fact that crime doesn’t just arrive for an annual holiday and go away again – it’s here all year round and we’ll continue to pay the price unless the resources are provided to fight it.”WE NEED A CO-ORDINATED APPROACH TO TACKLE CRIME IN DONEGAL – BROGAN was last modified: January 15th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Cllr Ciaran Brogancrimedonegal
Underage Presentation NightThis years underage presentation night will take place in the Ramelton town hall on Saturday the 24th November at 6pm. More information to follow in the coming days Players MeetingThere will be a short meeting for all prospective players to be held this Saturday in the clubhouse at 6pm. The meeting will be followed by a personal fitness assessment by Paul Fisher directly afterwards from which you will receive a tailored fitness program for over the winter months. All those hoping to play in the coming season are expected to attend, if for any reason you cannot attend please inform Nigel Black or contact the club facebook page/website Lotto NumbersThis weeks lotto numbers were 9-15-22-23. No jackpot winner. No match 3 therefore a draw took place, winners were: TJ Evesson, Milford and Brian Gallagher, Termon. Next weeks Jackpot is €5060Conversational Irish ClassesConversational Irish classes continue every Wednesday at 7pm in the clubhouse at Moyleview Park. Adults and children welcome. Admission: Adults €2, Children €1. The classes will be for 1.5 hours and refreshments will be provided.AGMThe Club held its AGM last Sunday in the clubhouse and the incoming Executive Committee is as follows:President: Fergus FrielChairperson: Pat Curley Vice-Chairperson: Aidan CannonSecretary: Patrick McBrideAss. Secretary: Daragh KellyTreasurer: Joe McNulty Ass. Treaurer: Kathleen FrielLotto Co-Ordinator: Sean McHughCoaching Officer: Shaun Paul BarrettChildrens Officer: Sharon GrahamDevelopment Officer: kevin EganCultural Officer: Brendan WardPRO: Barry McNultyUnderage Registrar: Roisin McCormackPitch Co-Ordinator: Joe McNultyAss. PRO: TBCASAP Officer: TBCWebsiteFor all the latest information and news checkout the new look club website at www.milford.donegal.gaa.ie and also our facebook page.GAA NEWS: MILFORD CLUB NOTES was last modified: November 13th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:MIlford Club notes
Sinn Fein Finance spokesperson Pearse Doherty has slammed today’s Finance Bill and vowed to try to amend it to scrap the private pension levy and replace it with changes to tax relief.Speaking from Dublin, Mr Doherty insisted: “The core element of today’s anaemic Finance Bill is the imposition of a 0.6% levy on pension funds for the next four years. The Government plans to raise €470 million a year with the levy.“The pension levy proposal is deeply inequitable. It excludes the Approved Retirement Funds used by many high earners to invest in their pensions. It also makes no differentiation between the pensions held by ordinary workers and those of high earners.” He told donegaldaily.com that his proposals offered a far more equitable system.The Donegal South West TD said Sinn Féin has long advocated the standardisation of pension tax reliefs at the lower rate.“This measure would not only remove an unjustifiable inequity in the current system but generate significant revenue for the state to invest in economic recovery,” he claimed.“Based on figures from a 2009 ERSI report on pensions, standardising pension tax reliefs would generate an additional €1.1 billion, of which €616 million would come from the top 10% of earners. “Indeed the same report estimated that in the same year 82% of all pension tax relief went to the top 20% of income earners, demonstrating the grossly unequal nature of this relief and the need for its reform.“Of course Sinn Fein would invest this money in a very different way to that outlined by the Government last week. However in the context of the Finance Bill before us the government has a clear choice between raiding the pension funds of all and targeting new revenue rising at those who can afford to pay the most.”He said he would be tabling amendments to the Finance Bill that will seek to replace the pension levy with a standardisation of existing pension tax reliefs, “the aim of which is to generate significant revenue to invest in creating jobs.”DOHERTY IN BID TO SCRAP PENSION LEVY was last modified: May 24th, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Days like today don’t come along too often for the people of Donegal.Geographically isolated, we are often forgotten and used to looking inward for answers.This afternoon at Croke Park we look inwards once more. We look to the performance of a football team to give us a much-needed boost as we leave behind a summer that never was.Not politicians or business leaders but young men with football boots and a shared dream.But Jim McGuinness and his side are no ordinary football team.A few short months ago they were ranked 19th out of 32 teams in the country. Today they are 70 minutes away from a place to decide who is the best football team in the country this year.They have dared to dream.Yes, it might only be a football match – but it’s much bigger than that.The psychological boost which McGuinness, his players and backroom team has brought to Donegal in 2011 has been nothing short of inspiring.It’s true – win, lose or draw, we will still have our mortgages to pay at the end of the month. We might still have to wait a year for a hospital appointment or watch as another wave of young people leave yet another town or village for another country for work.But today we are united.We are united in the belief that for a few short hours we are all pulling in the one direction – behind Jim McGuinness, his players and Donegal.Win, lose or draw we are as united as the flags and bunting that blow in the wind from the housing estates of Bundoran to Buncrana and from Rossnowlagh to Raphoe. We are as vulnerable as the seven year old whispering the names of McFadden, Murphy and Lacey as he dreams of what might be one day.We’ve come too far to let our dreams go for another year.Believe.TIR CONAILL ABU – 70 MINUTES FROM REALISING OUR DREAM was last modified: August 28th, 2011 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Croke ParkdonegalJim McGuinness
Some difficult problems can be approached from opposite ends. Engineers needing to build a shaft through a mountain, for instance, might start digging from the bottom and the top, trying to find each other in the middle. But what if the mountain has an unanticipated impregnable layer? Or what if there is no mountain, but a lowland here, and a peak over yonder, with a canyon between them? When the middle is hypothetical, it takes faith to believe it even exists. The origin of life is such a problem. Chemists know about chemicals, and biologists know about living cells. Is there a middle ground in which chemicals became cells? Evolutionists are convinced there is. “But living systems are products of evolution,” Eörs Szathmáry (Collegium Budapest), confidently states in Nature,1 “and an answer in very general terms, even if possible, is likely to remain purely phenomenological: going deeper into mechanisms means having to account for the organization of various processes, and such organization has been realized in several different ways by evolution.” (Emphasis added in all quotes.) The idea is that if evolution scaled the mountain in the past, biologists should be able to find the trail by starting from both ends. The meeting point would converge at a theoretical “minimal cell” – that is, a chemical entity satisfying three requirements for life: metabolism, a template or genetic code, and a boundary or membrane (see 08/26/2003 and 12/30/2002 entries). Szathmáry attended a meeting in Sicily this past December on Towards the Minimal Cell. A veteran theoretical biologist himself (see 02/20/2004 entry), he enjoyed the discussions by teams of biologists tackling this problem from both ends. Hints of a possible convergence were tantalizing:Basically, there are two approaches to the ‘minimal cell’: the top-down and the bottom-up. The top-down approach aims at simplifying existing small organisms, possibly arriving at a minimal genome. Some research to this end takes Buchnera, a symbiotic bacterium that lives inside aphids, as a rewarding example (A. Moya, Univ. Valencia). This analysis is complemented by an investigation of the duplication and divergence of genes (A. Lazcano, Univ. Mexico). Remarkably, these approaches converged on the conclusion that genes dealing with RNA biosynthesis are absolutely indispensable in this framework. This may be linked to the idea of life’s origins in an ‘RNA world’, although such an inference is far from immediate. (Emphasis added in all quotes.)Szathmáry knows to be cautious because of the problems involved in the RNA World scenario (see 02/14/2004 and 07/11/2002 entries). Functioning RNA in living cells does not necessarily imply ancestry from non-living RNA molecules. The top-down teams believe that 200 genes is the lower limit for a minimal cell. Szathmáry cautions again, however, that the minimum number could well be much higher. The conferees were not sure the top-down approach could prove fruitful:There was general agreement that a top-down approach will not take us quite to the bottom, to the minimal possible cells in chemical terms. All putative cells, however small, will have a genetic code and a means of transcribing and translating that code. Given the complexity of this system, it is difficult to believe, either logically or historically, that the simplest living chemical system could have had these components.Well, then, how is the other team doing? They are getting frustrated: The bottom-up approach aims at constructing artificial chemical supersystems that could be considered alive. No such experimental system exists yet; at least one component is always missing. Metabolism seems to be the stepchild in the family: what most researchers in the field used to call metabolism is usually a trivial outcome of the fact that both template replication and membrane growth need some material input. This input is usually simplified to a conversion reaction from precursors to products. Even systems missing one or the other component can, of course, advance our understanding. Such systems could be called ‘infrabiological’, because they are not quite biological but are similar to living systems in some crucial respects: elementary combinatorics suggests that out of metabolism (M), boundary (B) and template (T) three dual systems can be built – MT, MB, TB. In particular, coupling of compartment formation with some form of template replication (TB) is the subject of many experiments.Unfortunately, without all three – as with the “combustion triangle” of fuel, oxygen and heat – two factors are not enough to ignite the spark of life. Furthermore, not all are convinced that the reactions termed metabolism, template or boundary in lab experiments can be compared to those occurring in real living cells. Szathmáry briefly considers “computational investigations” (i.e., computer models), such as the “lipid world” scenario (the idea that fatty acids came first: see 04/15/2002 entry and 01/17/2002 commentary) but he finds it difficult to assess the importance of their results. So are top-down and bottom-up approaches making headway toward a grand confluence? Too early to tell, he concludes:Clearly, there is a divide between the top-down and bottom-up approaches, and between theoretical and experimental investigations. In the future, for example, one would like to see more realistic models of the primordial genome and, conversely, an experimental approach to the lipid world. An aim in the coming years will be to bridge those gaps — hence the great value of meetings such as this.1Eörs Szathmáry, “Life: In search of the simplest cell,” Nature 433, 469 – 470 (03 February 2005); doi:10.1038/433469a.In the movie Back to the Future, Doc had mere seconds to connect two ends of an electrical cable before Marty hit the wire. When they became accidentally disconnected, he slid down the cable in a desperate attempt to reconnect them, only to find they didn’t quite meet. At the climactic moment, when the predicted lightning bolt sent 1.21 gigawatts of power through the wire, Doc himself momentarily became the conductor: the circuit was closed, and all lived happily ever after. How he survived to celebrate by dancing in the street – well, that’s Hollywood. Anything is possible at the Universal Studios back lot, but biologists have to live in the real world. Doc Szathmáry is dealing with two ends that are not inches apart, but light-years apart. To make up for it, he has the long arms of imagination to promise a happy ending back in the future, where the story always ends, “To Be Continued….” But as the plot becomes increasingly convoluted and implausible, how many sequels will the spectators tolerate? They’ll go watch Rudyard Kipling’s action adventure drama instead: “East is east, and west is west, and never the twain shall meet” – except by intelligent design.(Visited 13 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
6. The Film LookThe Film Look is a YouTube channel dedicated to helping new filmmakers achieve the “film look.” Founded by indie filmmakers Rob and Rich, this channel specializes in DIY camera rigs and micro-budget tricks and tips on shooting. They also put together the incredibly helpful series, The Indie Film Sound Guide. In this video, you’ll see how they shoot so many of their own videos using a DIY overhead shooting rig.Follow The Film Look: YouTube Facebook Twitter Instagram 10. PremiumBeatYou know I had to plug this, right? Here at PremiumBeat, we are seriously increasing our YouTube presence with a ton of new tutorials on filmmaking, video production, video editing, motion graphics, color grading, and much more. We also post about our latest free assets for your to download — like transitions, LUTs, SFX, and wedding video assets.On our YouTube channel, you will see our staff writers showing you how to pull off some tricks in Premiere Pro, After Effects, and FCPX. You’ll also see plenty from our great contributors. Mark Vargo, ASC can show you how to tie knots and coil cables. Lewis McGregor offers up tips on practical lighting setups. Jason Boone can offer the latest workflow tips for video editors. We try to cover everything you need.Follow PremiumBeat: YouTube Website Facebook Twitter Instagram Blog 8. Peter McKinnonPeter McKinnon is skyrocketing in popularity with his helpful tips on shooting videos and photos. He also has very helpful tutorials on working in Photoshop, Premiere Pro, and Lightroom.While some of his hacks may seem too risky — you may end up breaking your gear — some tips are really great for the low-budget shooter. He also offers some great topics, like additional gear you will need on location.Follow Peter McKinnon: YouTube Twitter Instagram Subscribe to these 10 YouTube channels on filmmaking, video editing, and production. They’re all better than film school!Top image via Shutterstock / Cinecom.There’s nothing better than learning about video by watching videos. We’ve already covered 16 must-follow channels that you’ve certainly already subscribed to. Those roundups include all the big names you already know, like Film Riot, Philip Bloom, Ugly McGregor, Sam and Niko, and Cinematography Database. You can find the old roundups here:9 Great YouTube Channels for Filmmakers7 More YouTube Channels for Filmmakers and VideographersBut what are the new up-and-coming channels as well as those that may have slipped under your radar? We’ve rounded up ten of the best YouTube channels for filmmaking and video editing.1. Cinecom.netCinecom is an all-encompassing video production and video editing YouTube channel. Founded and expertly hosted by Jordy Vanderput, the channel will show you tips on using your gear, as well as tutorials for Premiere Pro and After Effects.Recently, Cinecom has turned out a bunch of fun tutorials inspired by music videos like the camera shake in “HUMBLE” by Kendrick Lamar and this video on creating animated scribbles in Premiere Pro inspired by “That’s What I Like” by Bruno Mars.Follow Cinecom.net:YouTubeFacebookTwitterInstagram2. Justin OdishoJustin Odisho is a machine that puts out a new tutorial every single day. His best tutorials focus on Premiere Pro and After Effects, where you will learn about the most popular transitions and effects appearing in trending videos.What’s so great is that you can pull off many of the effects he talks about natively without using plug-ins.Follow Justin Odisho: YouTube Facebook Twitter Instagram Snapchat 4. Kai WAfter his departure from Digital Rev, Kaiman Wong has started his own YouTube channel, bringing you his same charm and charisma with uncensored opinions and reviews of the latest gear.Here you will find out about the latest cameras, lenses, drones, and phones. You’ll also learn some tips and tricks for shooting better video and stills.Follow Kai W: YouTube Facebook Twitter Instagram Snapchat 7. kaptainkristianKaptainkristian is one of the best YouTube video essayists. Alongside Tony Zhou’s Every Frame a Painting (listed in a previous roundup), Kristian Williams’s videos dive into history and theory in well-executed short films. In the kaptainkristian channel, you will find fantastic video essays on animation, filmmaking, VFX, and comics. This channel currently sits at 25 video essays with nearly 400K subscribers, so you know you are getting quality over quantity. One of my personal favorites is the look behind the animation of Who Framed Roger Rabbit, where you will see incredible behind-the-scenes footage and learn all about the animation process — which didn’t occur until live production had wrapped.Follow kaptainkristian: YouTube Twitter Patreon 5. RocketStockIf you read our blog often, you’ve probably seen us share plenty of tutorials from RocketStock. Initially a marketplace for After Effects templates, RocketStock has expanded into video element packs, selling large collections of light leaks, lens flares, and more. Not only do I recommend subscribing to their YouTube channel, you should also check out the RocketStock blog and download their monthly free assets.Their YouTube channel is pretty heavily focused on After Effects tutorials, of which nearly all use native effects so you don’t need additional plugins. You will learn how to recreate movie titles and VFX — and learn some helpful tricks for better motion graphics.Follow RocketStock: YouTube Website Facebook Twitter 3. AputureYou may know Aputure for their amazing and affordable lights and accessories, but the company also puts out some killer tutorials in their Four-Minute Film School series. In this series of short videos, you’ll learn everything from lighting setups, cinematography tips, microphone positions, and more.In this example, you will see the A-team breakdown six shots for filming in cars. Not only to they talk about examples, they show you camera placement with lens suggestions, as well as how to direct your lights.Follow Aputure: YouTube Website Facebook Twitter Instagram 9. Film Freak (Zach Ramelan)Film Freak is the brainchild of Zach Ramelan — a filmmaker, editor, and motion designer whiz kid we are thrilled to have as a PremiumBeat contributor. His channel is a mix of DIY tips, video editing tricks, and more. In this tutorial, Zach will show you how to create audio swells for transitions — much like the ones you’d hear in an Edgar Wright film.Follow Zach Ramelan: YouTube PremiumBeat Did we leave off your favorite YouTube channels? Let us know in the comments.